Mikhail Gorbachev was Russian Politician, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR and Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. He is the first and only President Soviet Union. In 1990, he was awarded the Peace Prize Nobel Prize.
Michał Gorbaczow, the first leader of the Soviet Union and a Nobel laureate, has died.
Mikhail Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931 in the village of Privolnoy, Stavropol Territory.
After the death of Konstantin Chernyanka in 1985, he was elected General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Gorbachev came to power during an economic crisis in the Soviet Union and a deterioration in relations between the Soviet Union and the West.
In 1986, he launched a policy of perestroika (restructuring), which included modernizing the economy, increasing civil liberties, reducing corruption, and warming relations with the West. As part of perestroika, Gorbachev introduced glasnost (openness), under which censorship was abolished and the provision on the central role of the CPSU was removed from the constitution. Głasnost, or openness, began the process of creating national civil societies in the Soviet Union.
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In May 1989 he was elected President of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev tried to restore good relations with the West. To this end, he abandoned the arms race and withdrew his troops Afghanistan.
He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990. The Nobel Committee awarded him for his successful efforts to end the Cold War.
After the annexation of Crimea, the Security Service of Ukraine banned Gorbachev from entering Ukraine. The services explained the decision as security reasons, as Gorbachev, among others, publicly supported the Russian annexation of Crimea.
According to a report by the Ria Novosti agency, Mikhail Gorbachev died on Tuesday after a difficult and prolonged death. disease. Since the beginning of July, the former leader of the Soviet Union has been hospitalized at the Central Teaching Hospital in Moscow.
The former politician was suffering from diabetes.
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